Cervical cancer (cervix is the base or bottom of the uterus that connects to the vagina) is a disease in which cells in the cervix grow abnormally.
Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer in women after breast cancer, including in Malaysia. 10.5% of women who develop cancer deaths in hospitals are due to cervical cancer.
Cause of Cervical Cancer
- Initiate intercourse at a very young age;
- have multiple sex partners;
- infection through sexual contact, including HPV (Human Papilloma Virus / wart virus);
- lack of hygiene at the sensitive area;
- smoke (study found that smoking will cause the body's immune system more vulnerable to virus infections and related diseases); and
- low resistance to disease, caused by an infection.
Signs and Symptoms of Cervical Cancer
- Unusual bleeding from the vagina (not menstruating)
- Prolonged bleeding
- Bleeding between periods
- Mixed Blood
- The presence of blood clots
- Vaginal bleeding after intercourse
- Pain during and after intercourse
- Abnormal fluid discharged from the vagina