Cervical Cancer





Cervical cancer (cervix is the base or bottom of the uterus that connects to the vagina) is a disease in which cells in the cervix grow abnormally.

Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer in women after breast cancer, including in Malaysia. 10.5% of women who develop cancer deaths in hospitals are due to cervical cancer.

Cause of Cervical Cancer

  • Initiate intercourse at a very young age;
  • have multiple sex partners;
  • infection through sexual contact, including HPV (Human Papilloma Virus / wart virus);
  • lack of hygiene at the sensitive area;
  • smoke (study found that smoking will cause the body's immune system more vulnerable to virus infections and related diseases); and
  • low resistance to disease, caused by an infection.

Signs and Symptoms of Cervical Cancer

  • Unusual bleeding from the vagina (not menstruating)
  • Prolonged bleeding
  • Bleeding between periods
  • Smelly
  • Mixed Blood
  • The presence of blood clots
  • Vaginal bleeding after intercourse
  • Pain during and after intercourse
  • Abnormal fluid discharged from the vagina