Lymphoma

The term lymphoma refers to cancers that result from the body's lymphatic system. The lymphatic system includes lymph nodes (also called lymph glands), thymus, spleen, tonsils, adenoids, and bone marrow as well as lymph vessels. Although many types of cancer eventually spread to parts of the lymphatic system, lymphomas are the most distinct because they actually originate from there.

In lymphoma, some of the cells in the lymphatic system known as lymphocytes, multiply uncontrollably. Lymphoma is categorized according to different types of cells that spread and symptoms shown.

15% of cancers in children are lymphoma. They are rare in children under the age of 3 years. Boys are more likely to get the disease than girls.

Types of Lymphoma

Lymphomas are divided into two categories, depending on the shape of cancer cells. These are known as Hodgkin's lymphoma or Hodgkin's disease (HL) and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). The combination of both these cancers made it the third cancer disease among the children.

Signs of Lymphoma

  • Lymph nodes that are located on the surface is usually not painful, so they will continue to grow without any notice; and

  • Enlargement of thymus or lymph nodes in the chest can compress the airway causing noisy breathing, snoring, shortness of breath or difficulty to breath.


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